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    Causes of Infertility

    Infertility can be caused by many different things. The causes of infertility can involve one or both partners.

    Female infertility causes

    • Ovulation problems – You have an ovulation disorder if you ovulate infrequently or not at all.
    • Damage to fallopian tubes – Damage can be caused by inflammation of the fallopian tubes, previous ectopic pregnancy or previous surgery in the abdomen or pelvis
    • Uterine factors – abnormally shaped (bicornuate) uterus and Benign polyps or tumors in the uterus can cause infertility
    • Endometriosis – it is a condition where small pieces of the womb lining, known as the endometrium, start growing in other places, such as the ovaries and cause infertility.
    • Poor egg qualityEggs that become damaged or develop chromosomal abnormalities cannot sustain a pregnancy.
    • Cervical narrowing or blockage – It is caused by an inherited malformation or damage to the cervix. It prevents any sperm from reaching the egg.
    • Medicines and drugs – Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Neuroleptic medicines and chemotherapy may cause infertility

    Male infertility causes

    • Male tube blockages – Varicoceles (varicose veins) in the testicles are the most common cause of male tube blockages.
    • Sperm duct defects – The tubes that carry sperm (sperm ducts) can be damaged by illness or injury
    • Hypogonadism – It is an abnormally low level of testosterone, the male sex hormone that is involved in making sperm.
    • Damaging of testicles – damaged testicles can affect the quality of your semen and cause infertility.
    • Ejaculation disorders – Some men experience ejaculation problems that can make it difficult for them to ejaculate and in turn cause infertility
    • Medicines and drugs – an anti-inflammatory medicine used to treat conditions such as Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis and medicines used in Chemotherapy reduce sperm production.
    • Celiac disease – A digestive disorder caused by sensitivity to gluten, celiac disease can cause male infertility.
    • Drinking too much alcohol – Drinking too much alcohol can damage the quality of your sperm.

    Common Cause of Infertility in both men and women

    • Being overweight, or obese
    • Sexually transmitted infections
    • Severe stress
    • Exposure to certain pesticides, metals, and solvents
    • Smoking can also adversely affect fertility

    Unexplained causes

    The term unexplained cause is used when doctors can’t find a cause for infertility after a full series of tests and assessments. Some experts think being significantly over- or underweight, exercising excessively and even environmental toxins may be contributing factors but no direct links have been confirmed.

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