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Sex Disorder

  • Vaginismus
  • Vulval Pain
  • Dyspareunia or painful sex
  • Low sex desire or low libido
  • Absent or difficult orgasm
  • Lack of enjoyment during sex
  • Dryness of vagina
  • Small or loose breast
  • Pain in breast

For sexual orientation like homosexuality / lesbianism see – Types of Sexuality in section Sex Infopedia.

Vaginismus

Vaginismus is condition in which any kind of vaginal penetration is painful and almost impossible. This is due to reflex contraction of vaginal muscles and is seen during sexual intercourse, vaginal examination or insertion of tampons. This is not done by the woman voluntarily.

Common causes:

  • Infection of vagina
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Sexual trauma sexual abuse, rape or other sexual assault
  • Fear of sex, fear of pain during sex, sexual trauma or sexual abuse
  • Hatred towards sex
  • Psychological stress like traumatic relationship, domestic violence
  • History of trauma near genitals
  • Strict conservative moral education

Treatment:

  • Treatment of underlying cause
  • Counseling and psychotherapy
  • Sex therapy
  • Lubrication
  • Progressive dilatation
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga

Vulval Pain

Vulval pain or Vulvodynia is persistent, unexplained pain of the vulva, the skin surrounding the vagina.  It is usually burning or needle like pain. It can be associated with discomfort, itching and inflammation. It can be unprovoked which is spontaneous or provoked which comes on due to touch.

Common causes:

  • Nerve irritation or injury
  • Vaginal infection and inflammation
  • Allergy and irritation due to local medication, soap or chemical use
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Post surgery or childbirth

Treatment

  • Local anesthetic gel or Cortico steroid
  • Treatment of of underlying cause
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture or homeopathy

Dyspareunia or Painful Sex

In this condition the sexual intercourse is painful, the cause may be physical or psychological. There is complaint of recurrent or persistent genital pain before, during, or after sexual intercourse that is not caused exclusively by lack of lubrication or by vaginismus. It can be generalized or situational.

Common causes:

  • Insufficient lubrication
  • Irritation, injury or trauma
  • Inflammation or infection
  • Surgery or medical treatment
  • Stress, anxiety or depression
  • History of sexual abuse
  • Congenital like vaginal septa, thickened hymen
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Endometriosis
  • Tumor like fibroids
  • Xerosis
  • Uterine prolapsed
  • Retroverted uterus
  • Post episiotomy
  • Post menopause
  • With vaginismus

Treatment

  • Treatment of underlying cause
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Pelvic floor muscle therapy
  • Counseling and psychotherapy
  • Sex therapy
  • Lubrication
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga

Low sex desire or low libido

Low sex desire or low libido is a common condition. This can affect sexual satisfaction and relationship. In addition this can result in low self esteem and depression.

Common causes:

  • Diseases like diabetes, anemia
  • Post delivery and other conditions with prolactin level
  • Hormonal disorders
  • Medication like tranquilizers
  • Alcoholism and drug abuse
  • Stress, anxiety and depression
  • Sex abuse
  • Negativity related to sex
  • Poor relationship or sexual conditions
  • Disorder of sexual centre in brain
  • Sexual anxiety or guilt

Treatment:

  • Counseling and psychotherapy of underlying cause
  • Sex therapy
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga

Absent or difficult Orgasm

It is not uncommon for females to struggle for orgasm. This creates self doubt, frustration, lack of sexual satisfaction, discord in relationship and depression. It is said that almost ten percent never experience orgasm. A large number experience occasionally or develop secondarily.

Common causes

  • Medical conditions like diabetes
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Genital trauma or surgery
  • Neurological defect
  • Drug addiction
  • Psychiatric disorder as well as medication
  • Relationship problems
  • Sexual fears and myths
  • Strict conservative moral education
  • Disorder of sexual centre in brain
  • Sexual anxiety or guilt

Treatment:

  • Treatment of underlying cause
  • Counseling and psychotherapy
  • Sex therapy
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga

Lack of enjoyment during sex

Also called Female sexual arousal disorder or Candace syndrome, it is a disorder characterized by inability to attain sexual excitement or to maintain arousal until the completion of a sexual activity. There is inadequate lubrication-swelling normally present during sexual activity. These are of many types: Lifelong or for short period, all situation or situation specific, with cause or without cause.

Common causes:

  • Early sexual experience
  • Stress, fatigue and general health status
  • Psychological disorders and poor self esteem
  • Sexual beliefs and cultural impact
  • Relationship problems
  • Disorder of sexual centre in brain
  • Sexual anxiety or guilt
  • Addictions like alcoholism or drugs

Treatment

  • Treatment of underlying cause
  • Hormone therapy
  • Counseling and psychotherapy
  • Sex therapy
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga

Dryness of vagina

Vaginal dryness is due to inadequate lubrication. It can be with or without atrophy. Commonly seen symptoms are itching, stinging, burning with soreness, Pain and slight bleeding during intercourse, frequent urination,  urinary tract infections.

Common causes

  • Decreased estrogen as seen in ovarian disorders, childbirth and breast feeding, excess smoking, immune disorders, after menopause.
  • Medication like some anti allergic or anti cold
  • Douching
  • Sjogren and sicca syndrome
  • Poor blood or nerve supply to vagina
  • Disorder of sexual centre in brain

Treatment

  • Treatment of underlying cause
  • Hormone therapy
  • Lubricants
  • Sex therapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga

Small or loose Breast

Small or loose breast is due to under developed breast tissue. This can be one sided or both. It usually results in low self esteem, poor self image, relationship problems and depression.

Common causes:

  • Idiopathic or no cause
  • Poor diet and deficiencies
  • Connective tissue disorder
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Drugs, Trauma or surgery

Treatment

  • Treatment of underlying cause
  • Hormone therapy
  • Counseling and psychotherapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga

Pain in breast

Breast pain is any discomfort or pain in the breast. It is a common complaint among women. The pain may be constant or it may occur only occasionally. Breast pain can be described as chronic tenderness, sharp burning or tightness in breast tissue. There can be swelling, soreness, increased sensitivity to touch and pressure and discomfort with movement. This can be benign or due to some serious causes. Diagnosis is through physical examination, mammography and biopsy.

Causes of Breast Pain 

  • Fatty acid imbalance
  • Breast feeding
  • Estrogen therapy
  • Injury to breast
  • Infection to breast
  • Breast cancer
  • Pregnancy or Menopause

Treatment

  • Decrease the fat consumption in diet
  • Limit or eliminate caffeine
  • Wear a sports bra during exercise and while sleeping
  • Try stress-relieving measures such as regular physical exercise, relaxation techniques and massage
  • Treatment of underlying cause
  • Hormone therapy
  • Holistic medicine like acupuncture, homeopathy, yoga.