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Causes of Infertility

Infertility can be caused by many different things. The causes of infertility can involve one or both partners.

Female infertility causes

  • Ovulation problems – You have an ovulation disorder if you ovulate infrequently or not at all.
  • Damage to fallopian tubes – Damage can be caused by inflammation of the fallopian tubes, previous ectopic pregnancy or previous surgery in the abdomen or pelvis
  • Uterine factors – abnormally shaped (bicornuate) uterus and Benign polyps or tumors in the uterus can cause infertility
  • Endometriosis – it is a condition where small pieces of the womb lining, known as the endometrium, start growing in other places, such as the ovaries and cause infertility.
  • Poor egg qualityEggs that become damaged or develop chromosomal abnormalities cannot sustain a pregnancy.
  • Cervical narrowing or blockage – It is caused by an inherited malformation or damage to the cervix. It prevents any sperm from reaching the egg.
  • Medicines and drugs – Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Neuroleptic medicines and chemotherapy may cause infertility

Male infertility causes

  • Male tube blockages – Varicoceles (varicose veins) in the testicles are the most common cause of male tube blockages.
  • Sperm duct defects – The tubes that carry sperm (sperm ducts) can be damaged by illness or injury
  • Hypogonadism – It is an abnormally low level of testosterone, the male sex hormone that is involved in making sperm.
  • Damaging of testicles – damaged testicles can affect the quality of your semen and cause infertility.
  • Ejaculation disorders – Some men experience ejaculation problems that can make it difficult for them to ejaculate and in turn cause infertility
  • Medicines and drugs – an anti-inflammatory medicine used to treat conditions such as Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis and medicines used in Chemotherapy reduce sperm production.
  • Celiac disease – A digestive disorder caused by sensitivity to gluten, celiac disease can cause male infertility.
  • Drinking too much alcohol – Drinking too much alcohol can damage the quality of your sperm.

Common Cause of Infertility in both men and women

  • Being overweight, or obese
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Severe stress
  • Exposure to certain pesticides, metals, and solvents
  • Smoking can also adversely affect fertility

Unexplained causes

The term unexplained cause is used when doctors can’t find a cause for infertility after a full series of tests and assessments. Some experts think being significantly over- or underweight, exercising excessively and even environmental toxins may be contributing factors but no direct links have been confirmed.